By David A. Pharies
Spanish is the fourth most generally spoken language on the earth and a language of ever-increasing value within the usa. In what is going to most likely develop into the creation to the heritage of the Spanish language, David Pharies truly and concisely charts the evolution of Spanish from its Indo-European roots to its current shape. An across the world famous specialist at the heritage and improvement of this language, Pharies brings to his topic an actual experience of what scholars of Spanish linguistics want to know. After introductory chapters on what it ability to review the historical past of a language, the idea that of linguistic switch, and the character of language households, Pharies strains the advance of Spanish from its Latin roots, all with the minimal volume of technical language attainable. within the middle sections of the ebook, readers are handled to a fascinating and remarkably succinct presentation of the family tree and improvement of the language, together with debts of the constructions and peculiarities of Latin, the ancient and cultural occasions that deeply motivated the shaping of the language, the character of Medieval Spanish, the language myths that experience develop into connected to Spanish, and the improvement of the language past the Iberian Peninsula, specifically within the Americas. targeting an important aspects of the language’s evolution, this compact paintings makes the heritage of Spanish available to an individual with a data of Spanish and a readiness to understand simple linguistic options. to be had in either English and Spanish variants, a short historical past of the Spanish Language offers a very remarkable advent to the fascinating tale of 1 of the world’s nice languages.
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Extra resources for A Brief History of the Spanish Language
The Introduction noted that the linguistic organism that is currently called Spanish is several millennia old. In what sense is this true? 4. Explain the concept of “genealogical tree”. What factor determines whether or not such a tree will have complex “branching”? 5. For what purposes is the comparative method used? How does it work? In what ways is the method less than straightforward? 6. Which of the following words would be appropriate for a list of possible cognates? Explain your answer in each case: banana, ojo ‘eye’, piel ‘skin’, aerosol, chimpanc´e ‘chimpanzee’, esqu´ı ‘ski’, agua ‘water’, tierra ‘land’, jefe ‘boss’, etiqueta ‘label’, cuatro ‘four’, chacal ‘jackal’, suegra ‘mother-in-law’, sobrina ‘niece’, diente ‘tooth’, garaje ‘garage’, vitrina ‘showcase’, u˜na ‘ﬁngernail’, fr´ıo ‘cold’.
This consideration invalidates the great majority of the hypotheses of this type, such as those proposed by Fredrick Jungemann (1955) to explain the phonological eccentricities of Spanish vis-`a-vis other Ibero-Romance languages. Another explanation for language change is based on the principle of least effort, according to which the tendency of speakers of a language to exert as little effort as possible in expressing themselves entails an inexorable process of degradation. Clearly, however, the 14 c h a p t e r 1 tendency to minimize effort is tempered by the need to convey the content of one’s utterances with sufﬁcient clarity to avoid misunderstandings or the need to repeat.
The Muslims encounter little resistance among the Hispano-Gothic population, which is eager to be freed from the cruelty and incompetence of the Visigothic kings. The name of the ﬁrst Muslim general, Tariq, has been immortalized in the name of the rock from which he began the invasion, Gibraltar (< Ar. gˇabal ‘mountain’ + Tariq), previously called Calpe (Elcock 1975:288). The Muslims actually penetrate into European territory as far as Tours, in France, but here they suffer a crushing defeat at the hands of the Franks in 732.
A Brief History of the Spanish Language by David A. Pharies