A Choctaw Reference Grammar by George Aaron Broadwell BA MA PhD PDF

By George Aaron Broadwell BA MA PhD

ISBN-10: 0803213158

ISBN-13: 9780803213159

This ebook is the main accomplished reference grammar of Choctaw, an American Indian language spoken by way of nearly 11 thousand humans situated essentially in Mississippi and Oklahoma. according to nineteen years of box paintings with audio system of the Mississippi and Oklahoma dialects and greater than one hundred fifty years of written Choctaw fabric, A Choctaw Reference Grammar comprises the main whole description thus far of the morphology of the language in addition to an intensive therapy of word constitution, notice order, case marking, and complementation.The Choctaw tribe used to be divided into Oklahoma and Mississippi teams through the Indian elimination of the 1830s. at the present time nearly all of fluent audio system one of the Oklahoma Choctaws are greater than 40 years previous, and few teenagers converse the language. even if extra little ones one of the Mississippi Choctaws examine the language, the quantity is declining. simply because language is key to conserving the Choctaws’ lifestyle and either dialects of Choctaw are endangered, cautious documentation of the grammatical constitution of the language is significantly very important. Compiled through the best scholarly professional at the Choctaw language, George Aaron Broadwell, this quantity is either a realistic consultant to local audio system and an integral guide for linguists.

Show description

Read or Download A Choctaw Reference Grammar PDF

Similar native american studies books

Get Iroquois on Fire: A Voice from the Mohawk Nation (Native PDF

Of their homelands in what's now big apple kingdom, Iroquois and their matters have come to dominate public debate because the citizens of the area search how you can get to the bottom of the multibillion greenback land claims opposed to the kingdom. This preliminary dispute over territorial identify has grown to surround playing, treaties, taxation, and what it skill to say local sovereignty in a global experiencing outstanding technological switch.

Download e-book for iPad: Uneven Ground: American Indian Sovereignty and Federal Law by David E. Wilkins, K. Tsianina Lomawaima

Within the early Seventies, the government all started spotting self-determination for American Indian countries. As sovereign entities, Indian international locations were in a position to identify guidelines pertaining to healthiness care, schooling, spiritual freedom, legislations enforcement, gaming, and taxation. but those profits haven't long gone unchallenged.

Download PDF by Raymond J. DeMallie, Douglas R. Parks, Arthur Amiotte: Sioux Indian Religion: Tradition and Innovation

Contributors of all persuasions became deeply drawn to modern Sioux spiritual practices. those essays by means of tribal non secular leaders, students, and different individuals of the Sioux groups in North and South Dakota care for the extra vital questions on Sioux ritual and trust on the subject of heritage, culture, and the mainstream of yankee existence.

Additional resources for A Choctaw Reference Grammar

Example text

In all citations from the Bible and catechism, I give the example in its original orthography in the text (marked by angled brackets) with my reconstruction of the phonemics and morphological segmentation on a following line. One difficulty is that a single Choctaw sentence in these materials may correspond to several independent sentences in the English translation. In citations of such material, lack of an initial capital letter or final punctuation mark shows that the Choctaw material has been taken from a longer passage.

3. Basic syntactic typology Choctaw is a configurational language with consistent head-final constituent ordering. It shows a mix of head-marking and dependentmarking patterns. This chapter gives an overview of the structure of simple sentences and discusses its place in syntactic typology. 1. 1. Sentences with only third person arguments The simplest sentences in Choctaw consist of a verb plus a tense marker, as in the following examples: (1) Qba-tok. rain-FT 'It rained. ' (2) Niya-h. ' (3) Pisa-tok.

6. Causatives Choctaw has a productive morphological causative -chi, as shown in the following examples: (40) Nowa-lih. ' (41) Sa-nowa-chi-tok. ' Causatives are discussed in more detail in chapter 8. 7. Questions In general wh-questions may be formed by merely leaving an appropriate interrogative in situ. No special verbal morphology or word order is necessary: 38 CHOCTAW REFERENCE GRAMMAR (42) John-at katah-Q pisa-tok? ' katihmi-h (43) Hashshok is-sa-chgli-kat grass 2SI-lSIII-cut-C0MP:SShow:much-TNS is-sam-apiis-ahiina-h?

Download PDF sample

A Choctaw Reference Grammar by George Aaron Broadwell BA MA PhD

by Anthony

Rated 4.49 of 5 – based on 13 votes