Download e-book for kindle: A Concise History of Bulgaria (2006) (Cambridge Concise by R. J. Crampton

By R. J. Crampton

ISBN-10: 0511137397

ISBN-13: 9780511137396

ISBN-10: 0521616379

ISBN-13: 9780521616379

ISBN-10: 0521850851

ISBN-13: 9780521850858

Richard Crampton offers a common advent to Bulgaria on the cross-roads of Christendom and Islam. This concise background strains the country's development from pre-history, via its days because the middle of a strong medieval empire and 5 centuries of Ottoman rule, to the political upheavals of the 20th century which resulted in 3 wars. It highlights 1995 to 2004, an important interval within which Bulgaria continued monetary meltdown, set itself heavily at the highway to reform, elected its former King as major minister, and at last secured club in NATO and admission to the eu Union. First variation Hb (1997) 0-521-56183-3 First version Pb (1997) 0-521-56719-X

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Extra info for A Concise History of Bulgaria (2006) (Cambridge Concise Histories)

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As Ottoman society evolved its trade became dominated by the Greeks, Jews and Armenians, though in the seventeenth century Bulgarian traders were active as far afield as Transylvania, even if many of them were described as or even called themselves ‘Greek’. Ottoman rule 37 The centres of Ottoman towns were generally occupied by administrative or military buildings, but in the surrounding areas were the mahalla or small urban districts. These were frequently based on ethnic identity, sometimes on occupation, and infrequently on both: in some larger towns, therefore, there would be a Christian shoemakers’ and a Muslim shoe-makers’ district.

Mediaeval Bulgaria, 681–1393 13 into a Slavo-Bulgarian in which the Slav tongue of the conquered masses predominated. Christianity had taken root in the Balkans during the later period of the Roman empire, and when they entered the area and colonised it the Slavs to a large degree adopted the Christian religion of those whom they had subdued. This was much less true of the ProtoBulgarians, especially the nobility and the rulers, who for decades remained steadfastly pagan. It was not that its Christian Slav subjects had presented any threat to the Bulgarian state.

This was understandable; in such times it was more easy than ever to believe that the temporal world was entirely the creation of the Evil One. Bogomilism has been unfairly criticised for causing all or most of the misfortunes which befell mediaeval Bulgaria, but bogomilism, in declaring all institutions irredeemably evil, did implicitly condemn any effort to improve those institutions as in the long run irrelevant. For this reason bogomilism was essentially negative and did not give rise to any reformist movement or pressures, nor did it stimulate the creative intellectual revolution which the questioning of the Catholic church produced in the west.

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A Concise History of Bulgaria (2006) (Cambridge Concise Histories) by R. J. Crampton

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