By Christopher CorÃ¨don
An curiosity within the heart a while usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a be aware or time period which isn't understood or in simple terms imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of actual support to normal readers and experts alike. The dictionary includes a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of everyday life. Latin was once the language of the church, legislations and executive, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed below are usually present in smooth books of historical past of the interval; equally, the correct which means of outdated English and center English phrases may well elude cutting-edge reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that understanding the beginning and evolution of a notice offers a greater realizing. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use this day, another reduction to clarifying which means.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Cf. previous Attaint 2 [atteint]. A hit, blow or strike. The term was used in jousting to signify a hit scored by one knight on another. g. by an attaint, by breaking a lance. – Cf. Joust of peace; Joust of war; Tournaments Attillator. The craftsman working in the royal armouries, specialising in making the ammunition for *longbows, *crossbows, their winches and *quarrels; also the metal heads for the arrows and bolts. – Cf. Artiller; Fletcher Attire 1. A soldier’s complete set of clothing and equipment necessary for 24 a dictionary of medieval terms and phrases going to war.
A bracelet, part of the royal *regalia; also, later, a stole used at coronations, made of cloth of gold, which indicated the sacerdotal aspect of a king conferred by anointing. Arms, Assize of. 1181. This *assize extended the obligations of military equipment and service to those not previously affected. Under *fyrd law, only free landholders had been liable. This assize summoned all burgesses, all freeholders, regardless of wealth; also included were artisans and traders with income of 10 marks or more a year.
Ayne [eigne]. AN legal term for the first-born and heir. The spelling ‘eigne’ is also found, forming legal terms such as ‘eigne title’ = prior title (to something claimed or in dispute). [< OFr. e. eldest] B Baber-lipped. Thick-lipped. – Cf. next; Babewyn Babery. Grotesque images used as decoration in architecture, also in illuminated MSS. Today, we call them ‘gargoyles’. [< ME babywynrie] – Cf. next Babewyn. Any of the ugly or demonic creatures which populate medieval artwork; many are to be found cut in *cathedral stone, tucked away from first gaze.
A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher CorÃ¨don