By Dave McRae
Regardless of no past background of modern unrest, Poso, from 1998-2007, turned the location of the main protracted inter-religious clash in postauthoritarian Indonesia, in addition to the most very important theatres of operations for the Jemaah Islamiyah terrorist community. 9 years of violent clash among Christians and Muslims in Poso increased a formerly little identified district in japanese Indonesia to nationwide and worldwide prominence. Drawing on a decade of analysis, for the main half carried out whereas the clash used to be ongoing, this publication presents the 1st entire historical past of this violence. It additionally addresses the puzzle of why the Poso clash used to be capable of persist for therefore lengthy in an more and more, strong democratic kingdom, regardless of the appear weaknesses of the small teams of fellows riding the violence.
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Extra resources for A Few Poorly Organized Men: Interreligious Violence in Poso, Indonesia
No Christians were retained in important positions, whereas a number of key ministries were to be headed by Muslims with ICMI connections (Bertrand 2004: 88; Arifianto 2009:84). Bertrand observes that this visible success for ICMI further enhanced the organizations’s prestige: Muslim bureaucrats across the country newly swelled its ranks, while the circulation of its daily Republika newspaper and Ummat magazine rapidly increased. This shift in the respective influence and representation of Islam and Christianity increased religious tensions during the final decade of Suharto’s rule.
Although religious identity was not always the determining factor in filling these posts, Bertrand suggests that pious Muslims were deliberately excluded during the early Suharto era. With communism crushed by the 1965–6 massacres, he notes, the regime saw Islam as the greatest potential challenge to its hold on power (Bertrand 2004:82). Much as Islam was excluded from political representation in the 1970s and 1980s, its social influence continued to strengthen during this period. 29 State development policies increased levels of education across the community, closing the gap in educational attainment between Muslims and Christians and giving rise to an expanding Muslim middle class.
The enabling context for violent conflict may appear a curious starting point for this book, given my overall focus on the dynamics of violence. But although the reasons for the onset of violence do not explain the nature of its subsequent specific manifestation, the enabling context nevertheless remains an important part of a comprehensive history of the conflict. There are two levels to the enabling context for Indonesia’s postauthoritarian conflicts: the overall national context on the one hand, and the particularities of the sites of violence on the other.
A Few Poorly Organized Men: Interreligious Violence in Poso, Indonesia by Dave McRae