By Richard A. Lanham
The 1st variation of this everyday paintings has been reprinted many occasions over twenty years. With a special blend of alphabetical and descriptive lists, it offers in a single handy, obtainable quantity all of the rhetorical phrases - regularly Greek and Latin - that scholars of Western literature and rhetoric tend to stumble upon of their studying or to discover beneficial of their writing. Now the second one variation deals new beneficial properties that may make it nonetheless extra useful:A thoroughly revised alphabetical directory that defines approximately 1,000 phrases utilized by students of formal rhetoric from classical Greece to the current day.A revised procedure of cross-references among terms.Many new examples and new, prolonged entries for important terms.A revised Terms-by-Type directory to determine unknown terms.A new typographical layout for less complicated entry.
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Extra info for A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms
Man"). 1. Abuse of your opponent's character. 2. Basing your argument on what you know of your opponent's character. " See also Fallacy. Argumentum ad ignorantiam (ig no RAN ti am). A proposition is true if it has not been proved false. See also Fallacy. Argumentum ad misericordiam (mi se ri COR di am). Appeal to the mercy of the hearers. The quality of mercy is not strained; It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven Upon the place beneath. . (The Merchant of Venice, IV, i) See also Fallacy.
Ill-composed") — Male collocatum; Misplacer. Awkward transposition of the parts of a sentence. " Or, as in this only partially successful syntactical gymnastic from Kingsley Amis's / Want It Nozv: "Now and again it felt rather like that. " See also Hysteron proteron. 30 CATAPLEXIS Cacozelia (ca co ZE li a; G. "unhappy imitation; affectation") — Fonde Affectation; Mala affectio. Studied affectation of style; affected diction made up of adaptation of Latin words or inkhorn terms, as when Hamlet parodies Osric: Sir, his definement suffers no perdition in you; though, I know, to divide him inventorially would dozy th' arithmetic of memory, and yet but yaw neither in respect of his quick sail.
Erasmus, in the De copia, thus remarks: "We can also use auxesis, that is, increase, when we use a more violent word in place of the normal one in order to heighten what we are saying; for example, to say 'slain' for 'killed,' or 'highway robber' for 'dishonest' " (vol. 24, p. 343). This makes auxesis of a single word into the opposite of meiosis, and other theorists, Peacham for example, use it thus ("when we use a greater word for a lesse, or when the word 26 AUXESIS is greater than the thing is in deede").
A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms by Richard A. Lanham