A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and by Ian D. Armour PDF

By Ian D. Armour

ISBN-10: 1849664889

ISBN-13: 9781849664882

A heritage of jap Europe 1740-1918: Empires, countries and Modernisation offers a complete, authoritative account of the zone in the course of a stricken interval that accomplished with the 1st global warfare. Ian Armour makes a speciality of the 3 significant subject matters that experience outlined japanese Europe within the smooth interval - empire, nationhood and modernisation - when chronologically tracing the emergence of japanese Europe as a unique inspiration and position. certain insurance is given to the Habsburg, Ottoman, German and Russian Empires that struggled for dominance in this time.
In this intriguing new version, Ian Armour comprises findings from new study into the character and origins of nationalism and the makes an attempt of supranational states to generate dynastic loyalties in addition to strategies of empire. Armours insightful advisor to early jap Europe considers the real figures and governments, analyses the numerous occasions and discusses the socio-economic and cultural advancements which are the most important to a rounded realizing of the area in that era.
Features of this new version include:
- an absolutely up-to-date and enlarged bibliography and notes
- 8 necessary maps

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Extra resources for A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation

Example text

In contrast to the trend in Western Europe, peasants in this category from the fifteenth century had been increasingly subjected to what has been called the ‘second serfdom’. Originally tenant farmers or even freeholders, dependent on noble or royal protection but otherwise free, peasants were the victims of a complex series of economic changes which impelled nobles, or monarchs, to impose even more tax or labour obligations on peasants, while at the same time restricting their personal freedom of movement.

Far more fateful than these changes in the international balance of power was the French Revolution’s ideological challenge to the rulers and peoples of Eastern Europe. In opposing the principles of political rights and popular sovereignty to the established, monarchical order, the Revolution sparked a war of ideologies as well as states. The monarchies of Eastern Europe could not ignore this challenge. Although the number of people in Eastern Europe who responded positively to revolutionary ideas was never very great, the effect of what little agitation there was on their rulers was to confirm in their minds the dangers, rather than the necessity, of further enlightened reform.

The Treaty of Passarowitz (1718) confirmed Venice in its possession of Dalmatia and the Ionian Islands, but it was obliged to renounce its title to parts of the Greek Peloponnesus. Thereafter Venice was lucky to be able to avoid war; its legacy was something to be squabbled over by others. Of far greater importance was the Habsburg–Ottoman rivalry. The Habsburgs’ military effort against this traditional enemy had by the late seventeenth century taken on a much more aggressive character. The wars of this period culminated in the Treaty of Carlowitz (1699), whereby the Habsburgs wrested most of Hungary from the Ottomans.

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A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation by Ian D. Armour

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