By John H. Hann
While Spanish and French explorers first landed in Florida early within the sixteenth century, Timucua audio system occupied extra land quarter and have been extra various than the other aboriginal team. this is often their first exact historical past, a big learn that areas its writer within the vanguard of Spanish colonial historians operating within the usa. The Timucua are the single local humans of Florida whose language survives in literature in adequate caliber and volume to allow major learn. hoping on formerly unused files, this account of the Timucua lines their event from first touch with Europeans to their exile to Cuba in 1763 and their ultimate eradication. starting with the query in their quantity and their destinations in northern Florida and southern Georgia, John Hann examines the Timucua's contacts with a variety of ecu teams, beginning with Ponce de Le?n's day trip. He contains a special presentation in their event below the undertaking regimes, and covers such themes because the Europeans' descriptions of the folks, their language, tradition, and political constructions, the derivation in their language, and the meanings in their placenames and titles. He additionally resolves confusion over the level of the territory of a Timucua subgroup often called the Mocama, and discusses different Florida local peoples who moved into Timucua territory as refugees in the course of the first 1/2 the 18th century.
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Extra resources for A History of the Timucua Indians and Missions (Ripley P. Bullen Series)
The earliest historical sources from the 1560s indicate that they practiced horticulture, but archaeologists of late have questioned the significance of horticulture in the late prehistoric period and early historic period for the peoples living from the St. Johns estuary northward to the St. Marys River region. It is not clear whether coastal Freshwater Timucua south of St. Augustine practiced horticulture at all (Ashley 1994; Russo 1992:11820; Milanich and Fairbanks 1980:15762). French sources state that at contact the Saturiwa moved inland during winter for better hunting and for gathering acorns, nuts, and wild fruit.
Mitchem shed light on the border between Safety Harbor culture and that of the Alachua tradition. I am grateful for the encouragement and support I have received from George Percy and John Girvin, director and assistant director, respectively, of the Florida Division of Historical Resources, and from Jim Miller, chief of the Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research. I thank Charles Poe for his work on the book's maps and Jean Wilson for her dedication in performing the arduous task of preparing a clean computer copy from a very imperfect laser-scanned version of the typescript, to which accents and italics had to be added.
Authorities believe that Potano was shared by Potano and Yustaga and possibly by Ocale as well (Deagan 1978:92, table 1; Granberry 1989:37, table 3; Milanich and Sturtevant 1972:1). Most or all of the rest, the Yufera, Utina or Timucua, Freshwater, Acuera, Ocone, Tucururu, and possibly Tawasa, are dialects of the people so named by Spaniards. The Tucururu are a possible exception. " Vinson's choice of Côte, or "Coast," to refer to the Mocama dialect appears to be based on Pareja's (1612b:60) reference to his parishioners' dialect in one of his first two catechisms.
A History of the Timucua Indians and Missions (Ripley P. Bullen Series) by John H. Hann