By Colin G. Calloway
The 1676 killing of Metacomet, the tribal chief dubbed "King Philip" via colonists, is usually noticeable as a watershed occasion, marking the tip of a bloody battle, dissolution of Indian society in New England, or even the disappearance of local peoples from the area. This assortment demanding situations that assumption, exhibiting that Indians tailored and survived, latest quietly at the fringes of american society, much less seen than sooner than yet still preserving a different id and background. whereas confinement on tiny reservations, subjection to expanding nation legislation, enforced abandonment of conventional gown and technique of aid, and racist guidelines did reason dramatic alterations, Natives still controlled to take care of their Indianness via customs, kinship, and neighborhood.
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Additional resources for After King Philip's War: presence and persistence in Indian New England
24 If one wants to find Indians in New England after 1676, one usually must look to the north, where the Abenakis continued to resist, striking south to raid English settlements and carry off captives. But even these Indians, then and since, were often identified as "French Indians," from Canada rather than New England. As in American history as a whole, it seems that Indians figure in the story only when they offer violent resistance. Indians are "the frontier''; once their armed resistance is overcome, once the "frontier" has passed them by, they no longer seem to count.
Studies of Indian life in New England before contact are becoming increasingly detailed and sophisticated, providing greater understanding of Native settlement and subsistence Page 3 patterns, political structures, social and gender relations, cosmology, and ritual. 15 Historians, anthropologists, and scholars of religion have re-examined the missionary work of John Eliot in Massachusetts and the Mayhew family on Martha's Vineyard. 20 Historians and anthropologists have revised earlier models of tribal organization Page 4 and demonstrated the inadequacy of old tribal labels for identifying Indian peoples and communities during times of turmoil when individual and band migrations produced frequent ethnic realignments.
Ann Marie Plane, an historian, and Gregory Button, an anthropologist, examine the granting of citizenship and voting rights to Indians in Massachusetts in 1869 in the historical context of Reconstruction-era politics and race relations. Their work reveals competing definitions and meanings of Indian identity between, on the one hand, whites who perceived Indians as "nonwhites" who should therefore be treated as blacks, and on the other, Indian Page 17 people who maintained their own ethnic boundaries and resisted efforts to force them into a biracial society.
After King Philip's War: presence and persistence in Indian New England by Colin G. Calloway