Read e-book online Americas First Black Socialist: The Radical Life of Peter H. PDF

By Nikki M. Taylor

ISBN-10: 0813140773

ISBN-13: 9780813140773

In pursuit of his best aim, complete and equivalent citizenship for African americans, Peter Humphries Clark (1829--1925) defied effortless class. He used to be, at a variety of instances, the country's first black socialist, a faithful supporter of the Republican occasion, and an suggest for the Democrats. A pioneer academic activist, Clark led the struggle for African american citizens' entry to Ohio's public faculties and have become the 1st black relevant within the nation. He supported all-black faculties and staunchly defended them even after the tide grew to become towards desegregation. As a political candidate, highbrow, educator, and activist, Clark used to be advanced and enigmatic.

Though Clark motivated a iteration of abolitionists and civil rights activists, he's almost forgotten this day. America's First Black Socialist attracts upon speeches, correspondence, and out of doors remark to supply a balanced account of this missed and misunderstood determine. Charting Clark's altering allegiances and ideologies from the antebellum period throughout the Twenties, this accomplished biography illuminates the existence and legacy of an incredible activist whereas additionally highlighting the black radical culture that helped democratize

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Extra resources for Americas First Black Socialist: The Radical Life of Peter H. Clark

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These associations should not be dismissed or minimized. They planted seeds of socialism in his mind, although it would be another two decades before that tree bore tangible fruits. Michael Clark’s extended illness in 1849 and his subsequent death found Peter managing his barbershop, much to his chagrin. 80 He dutifully, albeit ambivalently, assumed the mantle of barbershop owner to honor his father’s memory. But parental obligation only went so far. As proprietor, Clark made a conscientious decision to defy the color line by serving clients of all races at his shop.

The mob had been precipitated by increasing abolitionist activity, decreasing wages, and the incendiary rhetoric of the Cincinnati Daily Enquirer, a conservative, Democratic, proslavery journal. The journal manipulated existing seeds of antipathy toward African Americans, planted new ones, articulated the resentment for this community, and subtly encouraged citizens to enforce the Black Laws and literally drive African Americans from the city. In a city where mob violence had been ingrained into the political, social, and economic culture, the signs of an impending attack had become all too familiar to African Americans after an entire summer of mounting antiblack editorials and racial skirmishes on the streets.

Because of the relatively high concentration of African Americans there, the area was pejoratively called “Bucktown” by whites. African Americans gravitated to this neighborhood for a number of reasons, including the availability of unskilled work, low rents, and the proximity of black institutions like churches and schools. 31 As legitimate free persons, Elizabeth Gaines and her extended family enjoyed relative stability and security. Unlike many African Americans in northern cities in the antebellum era, Elizabeth’s family would not have to endure a lifetime of moving from town to town to stay ahead of slave catchers.

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Americas First Black Socialist: The Radical Life of Peter H. Clark by Nikki M. Taylor

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