Analysis of Global Change Assessments: Lessons Learned - download pdf or read online

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Analysis of Global Change Assessments

ISBN-10: 0309104858

ISBN-13: 9780309104852

ISBN-10: 0309105455

ISBN-13: 9780309105453

Worldwide swap exams tell selection makers in regards to the medical underpinnings of more than a few environmental concerns, corresponding to weather swap, stratospheric ozone depletion, and lack of biodiversity. Dozens of checks were carried out thus far via a variety of U.S. and overseas teams, lots of them influencing public guidelines, know-how improvement, and study instructions. This record analyzes strengths and weaknesses of 8 previous checks to notify destiny efforts. universal components of potent exams comprise powerful management, large engagement with and affected events, a clear science-policy interface, and good outlined conversation recommendations. The file identifies eleven crucial components of potent checks and recommends that destiny tests comprise choice help instruments that utilize details on the nearby and native point the place judgements are made.

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Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 2 Diversity of Assessments and Their Potential Contributions W hen looking at lessons learned from diverse global change assessments, it is important to consider the science and ­decisionmaking context in which each assessment was undertaken and the kind of decisions the assessment was intended to inform. Because the effectiveness of any assessment approach depends on the context and goals of the assessment, the committee describes the role of both in distinguishing various assessment types.

This addition came in response to Congressional interest as specified in the GCRA and advanced many of the findings of the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) report (OTA 1993) Preparing for an Uncer- Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 20 ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL CHANGE ASSESSMENTS tain Climate that recommended more effort be put into assessment, analysis of climate impacts, contingency planning, and adaptation. Specifically, the GCRA calls for preparing and submitting to the President and Congress an assessment that: • Integrates, evaluates, and interprets the findings of the GCRA; • Analyzes the effects of global change on the natural environment, agriculture, energy production and use, land and water resources, transportation, human health and welfare, human social systems, and biological diversity; and • Analyzes current trends in global change, both human-induced and natural, and projects major trends for the subsequent 25 to 100 years.

Often such process assessments are initiated first due to the need to characterize the extent and the drivers of change. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 1 Three types of global change assessment: process assessment, impact assess­ment, and response assessment. The fully integrated assessment lies at the intersection of the three types. Examples of assessments are included. S. S. National Assessment of Climate Change Impacts; Ozone EEAP = Environmental Effects Assessment Panel of the stratospheric ozone assessments; Ozone SAP = Scientific Assessment Panel of the stratospheric ozone assessments; Ozone TEAP = Technology and Economical Affects Panel of the stratospheric ozone assessments.

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Analysis of Global Change Assessments: Lessons Learned by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Analysis of Global Change Assessments


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