By Segun Adelana, Alan MacDonald
Groundwater is Africa’s Most worthy average source, supplying trustworthy water offers for plenty of people. extra improvement of groundwater assets is key to expanding entry to secure water around the continent to fulfill assurance ambitions and decrease poverty. there's additionally an expanding curiosity within the use of groundwater for irrigated agriculture because the weather turns into extra variable. Sustainable improvement of the source isn't a trivial activity and relies crucially on an figuring out of the hydrogeology and folks with the abilities to make trained judgements on how groundwater can top be constructed and controlled in a sustainable style. regardless of those seen wishes, despite the fact that, little realization has been paid to the systematic amassing of knowledge approximately groundwater assets long ago few many years, with the outcome that info are patchy, wisdom is restricted and funding is poorly targeted. This booklet was once written to begin to bridge the information hole. The 29 chapters are written through a mix of practitioners and researchers mostly from inside Africa utilizing event from fresh and ongoing projects. The chapters spotlight the complexity and diversity of concerns surrounding the improvement and administration of groundwater assets throughout Africa, and supply a image of groundwater study and alertness within the early twenty first century. Chapters diversity from strategic discussions of the position of groundwater in improvement and poverty aid, to case experiences on thoughts used to improve groundwater, and modelling tools for coping with groundwater systems.
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Extra info for Applied Groundwater Studies in Africa: IAH Selected Papers on Hydrogeology, Volume 13
2005. The role of groundwater in the water-supply of Greater Nairobi, Kenya. World Bank GW-MATE Case Profile Collection, 13. Giordano, M. 2006. Agricultural groundwater use and rural livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa: a first-cut assessment. Hydrogeology Journal 14, 310–318. MacDonald, A. , Calow, R. C. & Chilton, P. J. 2005. Developing groundwater: a guide for rural water supply. ITDG Publishing, Rugby, UK. , Bourzat, D. & Pingali, P. 1992. Crop-livestock interactions in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Bank Regional & Sectoral Studies, 1.
5 m by 2025. 3 m new boreholes will be needed. This figure takes no account of replacement of currently non-functioning sources. If a 10% reduction could be achieved on the ‘typical’ US$10–15,000 cost of a borehole in much of Africa, this would result in savings of more than US$1bn, potentially giving access to safe water to an additional 30 million people who would otherwise not have been served. In Ethiopia alone, Getachew (2004) estimated that more than 80,000 new boreholes, to serve 28 million people, will be needed by 2015.
M. 2008. Groundwater in Africa – palaeowater, climate change and modern recharge. This volume. Elson, R. & Shaw, R. 1995. Technical Brief No 43: Simple Drilling Methods. Waterlines, 13 (3) 5–18. Getachew, H. 2004. UNICEF Study on Groundwater and Requirements for Drilling and Other Systems Tapping Groundwater in Ethiopia. Paper for International Groundwater Conference, Addis Ababa, 25–27 May 2004. Haysom, A. 2006. A study of the factors affecting sustainability of rural water supplies in Tanzania.
Applied Groundwater Studies in Africa: IAH Selected Papers on Hydrogeology, Volume 13 by Segun Adelana, Alan MacDonald