By T. Edward Damer
More and more collage classes and courses require a serious pondering component--and contain assignments intended to degree your serious pondering abilities. ATTACKING defective REASONING: a pragmatic advisor TO FALLACY-FREE ARGUMENTS, 6th variation, can help brush up on those skills--and the best way to increase the logical, persuasive arguments you wish now and all through your profession. this beneficial instruction manual addresses greater than 60 universal fallacies of good judgment with the aid of over 2 hundred memorable examples. It offers reasons and counsel for heading off mistaken pondering, and is a perfect source while writing papers, essays, or arguments.
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Additional resources for Attacking Faulty Reasoning: A Practical Guide to Fallacy-Free Arguments
Conclusion) As you can see, this reconstruction has eliminated material that is irrelevant to the argument, such as “He does not, of course, hate the homosexual” and reference to the earlier newspaper article. The premise that God disapproves of homosexual behavior is supported by the subpremise referring to passages in the Bible. The premise that God punishes sinners is implicitly supported by the same evidence. Because that evidence is implicit, it is enclosed in brackets. The next premise (in brackets) expresses an unstated but clear assumption that AIDS is a disease that is connected to homosexual activity.
Similarly, many people just might not know enough about how aesthetic criteria work in an aesthetic argument to persuade us to share their aesthetic judgments. So they simply fall back on the “eye of the beholder” device to catch their breath and save a little face. An aesthetic argument should be just as persuasive as any other argument, if it is a properly constructed one. Literary critics have long been very successful in assessing and convincing others of the aesthetic value of a particular piece of literature.
One will also discover that a premise, and sometimes even a conclusion, may be unstated but understood from the context. When putting an argument into standard form, make explicit any of these implicit parts. When supplying these unstated but intended parts, it is helpful to enclose them in brackets so that it will be clear that the supplied parts did not explicitly appear in the original argument. 18 chapter 2 When reconstructing an argument, one will often encounter what is called a subargument, wherein a subpremise is used to support one of the premises of the main argument.
Attacking Faulty Reasoning: A Practical Guide to Fallacy-Free Arguments by T. Edward Damer