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ISBN-13: 9783319170640

The contributions during this quantity concentrate on the Bayesian interpretation of common languages, that's normal in components of man-made intelligence, cognitive technology, and computational linguistics. this is often the 1st quantity to take in subject matters in Bayesian normal Language Interpretation and make proposals in accordance with details concept, likelihood concept, and similar fields. The methodologies provided the following expand to the objective semantic and pragmatic analyses of computational ordinary language interpretation. Bayesian techniques to usual language semantics and pragmatics are in keeping with equipment from sign processing and the causal Bayesian versions pioneered by way of specifically Pearl. In sign processing, the Bayesian procedure reveals the main possible interpretation by means of discovering the person who maximizes the fabricated from the past chance and the chance of the translation. It hence stresses the significance of a creation version for interpretation as in Grice’s contributions to pragmatics or in interpretation by way of abduction.

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Additional info for Bayesian Natural Language Semantics and Pragmatics (Language, Cognition, and Mind, Volume 2)

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In M. Barlow, D. Flickinger, & M. ), Second Annual West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (pp. 114–126). Stanford University. , Martin, P. (1990). Interpretation as abduction. Technical Report 499, SRI International, Menlo Park, California. Hogeweg, L. (2009). Word in Process. On the interpretation, acquisition and production of words. D. thesis, Radboud University Nijmegen. Kilner, J. , Friston, K. , & Frith, C. D. (2007). Predictive coding: an account of the mirror neuron system. Cognitive processing, 8(3), 159–166.

Equation (4) entails that the speaker chooses the most informative version of ‘more than n’. The model also accounts for the ignorance implicature ‘more than n’ implicating possibly n + 1. It is difficult to say how test subjects construed the task in the questionnaire. They were not explicitly asked for implicatures, only for estimated lower and upper limits of the true number N . It is plausible to assume that they provided probable and safe limits within which the speaker’s belief intervals lie.

3 is the probability with which the speaker chooses ‘more than n’ given that his knowledge state is (n , m ). In game theoretic terminology, this conditional probability can be called the speaker’s strategy. We make the assumption that the speaker can only produce Fn = ‘more than n’ if n = n: (4) S(Fn |(n , m )) > 0 iff n = n . The situations represented by condition (4) correspond to those situations in which Quantity is ranked higher than Salience in Cummins’s optimality theoretic model. As we have seen, for these cases, the optimality theoretic model cannot make predictions about upper bounds.

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Bayesian Natural Language Semantics and Pragmatics (Language, Cognition, and Mind, Volume 2)

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