By Sarah B. Pralle
This ebook explores how advocacy teams negotiate and strategize in more and more aggressive and intricate political events. via concentrating on circumstances of woodland coverage within the U.S. and Canada, which, given their similarities and alterations, had unforeseen results, Pralle exhibits the several methods advocacy teams make the most new possibilities and triumph over constraints. either situations, the Clayoquot Sound controversy in British Columbia and the Quincy Library workforce case within the Sierra Nevada mountains of northern California, headquartered round conflicts among environmentalists looking to defend old-tree forests and bushes businesses combating to maintain their logging privileges. either marked very important episodes within the background of woodland politics of their respective international locations, yet with dramatically diversified effects. The Clayoquot Sound controversy spawned the biggest civil disobedience in Canadian historical past, foreign demonstrations in Japan, England, Germany, Austria, and the U.S., and the main major adjustments in British Columbia's wooded area coverage in many years. nevertheless, the California case, with 4 instances as many acres at stake, turned the poster baby for the "collaborative conservation" strategy, utilizing stakeholder collaboration and negotiation to accomplish a compromise which eventually broke down and ended up within the courts. Pralle analyzes how a number of the advocacy groups--local and nationwide environmental businesses, neighborhood citizens, trees businesses, and diversified degrees of government--defined the problems in either phrases and photographs, created and reconfigured alliances, and drew in several governmental associations to aim to accomplish their objectives. She develops a dynamic new version of clash administration through advocacy teams that places a top class on nimble timing, flexibility, focusing on, and strategies to achieve the virtue.
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Additional resources for Branching Out, Digging In: Environmental Advocacy and Agenda Setting (American Governance and Public Policy)
Advocacy groups do not necessarily pursue expansion or containment strategies across all three areas simultaneously but “mix and match” strategies depending on their policy goals and their relative success in each area. An environmental group, for example, might expand conﬂict by involving the federal government but, once successful, could attempt to restrict participation to a select (sympathetic) committee. Other advocacy groups will broaden their rhetoric but with the goal of decreasing involvement by the general public.
Indd 25 11/16/2006 12:30:03 PM 26 The Expansion and Containment of Policy Conflict that is often the prerequisite to political mobilization (see Iyengar 1991; Gamson 1992; Stone 1988). Encouraging or Minimizing Conﬂict. ” Groups who want to increase participation, then, will stress points of disagreement between themselves and their opponents. These groups might stage actions or simply pronounce their disagreements with opponents in order to generate conﬂict and attract supporters. The environmental group Greenpeace, for example, is well known for this strategy.
At the heart of this stable policy subsystem was the forest tenure system, an arrangement that virtually guaranteed corporate dominance over forest policy. C. indd 37 11/16/2006 12:30:33 PM 38 The Expansion of Conflict in British Columbia Forest Politics private timber companies themselves. Consequently, the role of the Ministry of Forests in forest management decisions was even more limited than the word “bargaining” implies. The Ministry of Forests delegated so much authority to private interests that even professional foresters (particularly ﬁeld personnel) had very little inﬂuence over decisions relating to management, implementation, or compliance with forest plans.
Branching Out, Digging In: Environmental Advocacy and Agenda Setting (American Governance and Public Policy) by Sarah B. Pralle