Get The Geography of Innovation PDF

By Maryann P. Feldman (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9048143632

ISBN-13: 9789048143634

ISBN-10: 9401733333

ISBN-13: 9789401733335

This publication deals a geographic measurement to the research of innovation and product commercialization. construction at the literature in economics and geography, this publication demonstrates that product innovation clusters spatially in areas which offer concentrations of the data wanted for the commercialization approach. The e-book develops a conceptual version which hyperlinks the positioning of latest product thoughts to the resources of those wisdom inputs. The geographic focus of this data fonns a technological infrastructure which promotes infonnation transfers, and lowers the dangers and the prices of accomplishing leading edge task. Empirical estimation confinns that the positioning of product innovation is expounded to the underlying technological infrastructure, and that the site of the information inputs are jointly­ reinforcing in defining a region's aggressive virtue. The e-book concludes through contemplating the coverage implications of those fmdings for either deepest finns and country governments. This paintings is meant for teachers, coverage practitioners and scholars within the fields of innovation and technological switch, geography and nearby technological know-how, and financial improvement. This paintings is a part of a bigger study attempt to appreciate why the site of leading edge job varies spatially, in particular the externalities and extending returns which accrue to position. xi Acknowledgements This paintings has benefitted vastly from discussions with acquaintances and co-workers. I desire to particularly notice the contribution of Mark Kamlet, Wes Cohen, Richard Florida, Zoltan Acs and David Audretsch. i want to thank Gail Cohen Shaivitz for her commitment in enhancing the ultimate manuscript.

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Extra info for The Geography of Innovation

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Interpreting and synthesizing this infonnation, the process of translating infonnation into knowledge, involves questioning and interpretation. This is a process of trial, feedback, and evaluation that is facilitated by face-to-face interaction. S Innovation requires these types of complex reciprocal interactions which 22 The Geography of Innovation result in negotiations and re-conceptualizations as a product moves through the innovation process. There is much infonnation communicated in gestures, facial expression, and tone of voice.

The use of employment to defme innovation assumes that the employment patterns will be constant across all plants and establishments in an industry. Even though an industry employs a certain percent of scientific and technical workers, these workers are more likely to Spatial Patterns of Innovation 31 employed at R&D labs than at branch plants. An employment-based definition gives the greater employment at branch plants more weight than R&D labs. As a result, locations with many branch plants will appear to be relatively innovative even though their activity is dedicated to production?

On the other hand, when technology is complex and evolving rapidly, long distance standardized transmission is not possible. Therefore, location close to the source of the technology allows firms to translate infonnation into useable knowledge, creating an incentive for finns using complex and dynamic technologies to locate near knowledge sources. A geographic concentration of rival finns may provide a knowledge resource to reduce innovation's uncertainty. Von Hippel (1988) finds that recjprocal infonnation trading between rival finns provides an important innovative input.

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The Geography of Innovation by Maryann P. Feldman (auth.)

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