By Charles L. Argue
Recent reports have published impressive complexity and variety in orchid-pollinator relationships. those experiences contain an unlimited literature at the moment scattered in different, usually vague, journals and books. The Pollination Biology of North American Orchids brings jointly, for the 1st time, a accomplished remedy of this data for all local and brought North American orchids discovered north of Mexico and Florida. It presents specified details on genetic compatibility, breeding structures, pollinators, pollination mechanisms, fruiting good fortune, and proscribing components for every species. Distribution, habitat, and floral morphology also are summarized. furthermore, certain line drawings emphasize orchid reproductive organs and their model to recognized pollinators.
This, the second one of 2 volumes, treats the subfamily Orchidoideae with the tribe Cranichideae. this is often by way of exam of the seven North American tribes of subfamily Epidendroideae and the one North American tribe of subfamily Vanilloideae.
The Pollination Biology of North American Orchids might be of curiosity to either local and foreign audiences including:
- Researchers and scholars during this box of analysis who're at present required to go looking in the course of the scattered literature to acquire the knowledge collected here.
- Researchers and scholars in similar fields with an curiosity within the co-evolution of vegetation and insects.
- Conservation experts who have to comprehend either the main points of orchid replica and the identification of fundamental pollinators on the way to effectively deal with the land for both.
- Orchid breeders who require actual and present info on orchid breeding platforms.
- General readers with an curiosity in orchid biology.
Charles Argue, Ph.D., is a plant biologist on the collage of Minnesota focusing on the examine of pollen grains. His articles have seemed in different journals together with the American magazine of Botany, International magazine of Plant Sciences (formerly Botanical Gazette), Botany (formerly Canadian magazine of Botany), Grana, Pollen et Spores, North American local Orchid Journal, The local Orchid convention Journal, Fremontia, and as chapters in a couple of books.
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Fresh experiences have published amazing complexity and variety in orchid-pollinator relationships. those reports contain an enormous literature presently scattered in several, frequently imprecise, journals and books. The Pollination Biology of North American Orchids brings jointly, for the 1st time, a accomplished remedy of this data for all local and brought North American orchids came across north of Mexico and Florida.
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Extra info for The Pollination Biology of North American Orchids: Volume 2: North of Florida and Mexico
Cernua. Emasculated specimens from these populations enclosed in insect-proof cages developed enlarged ovaries containing abundant seed. Schmidt (1987) obtained similar results for S. cernua, and Sheviak (1982) demonstrated normal capsule and seed development in specimens of this species with excised columns. Autonomous agamospermy was also observed in isolated populations of the otherwise sexual species S. magnicamporum and S. ochroleuca located near the northeastern limits of their ranges. Agamospermous races of S.
The viscidium is then attached to the underside of the prementum or to the ventral edges of the stipes. Catling (1980b, 1983c) observed a L. imitatum (= Dialictus immitatus) pollinating S. lacera var. lacera in this manner, but considered it a rare event. 9 Pollinators of Spiranthes tuberosa and S. vernalis Species Pollinator/state or province S. tuberosa Apidae Bombus sp. /? Halictidae Augochlorella pura (Say)/NC Unknown bee, possibly Halictidae /? S. /GA B. impatiens/NC B. pennsylvanicus/NC B.
Impatiens Cresson/MA Sheviak (1982) B. S. Ames (1921), p. 81 B. vagans/VT Sheviak (1982) B. /PA, MA, ON Catling (1983c)a S. odorata Apidae B. pensylvanicus (DeGeer)/FL Dodson in Luer (1975, p. 120) [as B. )] B. pennsylvanicus/FL Sheviak (1982) B. fervidus/NH Luer (1975) B. impatiens Cresson/MA Sheviak (1982) B. 5 Pollinators of Spiranthes lacera Pollinator/state or province Andrenidae Calliopsis andreniformis Smith/IL Apidae Bombus americanum (Fabricus)/IL B. perplexus Cresson/ON B. terricola Kirby/ON B.
The Pollination Biology of North American Orchids: Volume 2: North of Florida and Mexico by Charles L. Argue